Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa with its capital at Asmara. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi). Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country with nine recognised ethnic groups in its population of around six and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages, with English serving as the official language.
Eritrea has one of the northernmost populations of African elephants. Only about 100 elephants persist in the Gash-Barka administrative zone. Elephants in Eritrea have become completely isolated, with no gene flow from other elephant populations.